- 8WG16 (See other available formats)
- Regulatory Status
- Other Names
- RNA polymerase II sub-unit 1, RPB1, CTD repeat YSPTSPS, C- terminal domain repeat YSPTSPS, DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit A, RNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1, POLR2A, POLR2
- Mouse IgG2a
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- Product Citations
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RPB1 is the catalytic and largest component of RNA polymerase II, which synthesizes mRNA precursors and many functional non-coding RNAs. It forms the polymerase active center together with RPB2, the second largest subunit. Polymerase II (Pol II) is the central component of the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. It is composed of mobile elements that move relatively to each other. RPB1 is part of the core element with the central large cleft, the clamp element that moves to open and close the cleft, and the jaws that are thought to grab the incoming DNA template. At the start of transcription, a single DNA template strand of the promoter is positioned within the central active site cleft of Pol II. Then, a bridging helix emanates from RPB1 and crosses the cleft near the catalytic site, which acts as a ratchet that moves the RNA-DNA hybrid through the active site by switching from straight to bent conformations during each neuocleotide addition. This promotes translocation of Pol II. Pol II moves on the template during transcription elongation. Elongation is influenced by the phosphorylation status of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of Pol II's largest subunit (RPB1), which serves as a platform for assembling factors that regulate transcription initiation, elongation, termination, and mRNA processing. It can act as a RNA-dependent RNA polymerase when associated with small delta antigen of Hepatitis delta virus, being able to conform as both a replicate and transcriptase for the viral RNA circular genome.Product Details
- Human, Yeast, Wheat, Mouse, C. elegans, X. laevis, most other eukaryotic RNAPII
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Wheat germ RNA Polymerase II
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography.
- 1.0 mg/mL
- Storage & Handling
- The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C.
WB - Quality tested
ICC, ChIP - Verified
FA, IP - Reported in the literature, not verified in house
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by Western blotting. For Western blotting, the suggested use of this reagent is 0.25 - 2.0 µg per mL. For immunocytochemistry, a concentration range of 1.0 - 5.0 μg/mL is recommended. The suggested dilution for ChIP application is 1:300 - 1:500 by volume. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.
- Application Notes
Clone 8WG16 recognizes YSPTSPS in the C-terminal domain. The antibody cross-reacts with wheat, yeast, mouse, c. elegans, x. laevis, and most eukaryotic RNAPII.
Additional reported applications (for the relevant formats) include: chromatin immunoprecipitation, functional assay, and immunoprecipatation.
(PubMed link indicates BioLegend citation)
- Edwards AM, et al. 1990. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 87:2122.
- Thompson NE, et al. 1990. J. Biol. Chem. 265:7069.
- Thompson NE, et al. 1989. J. Biol. Chem. 264:11511.
- Product Citations
AB_2565554 (BioLegend Cat. No. 664906)
- RPB1 is a 220 kD subunit of RNA polymerase II and has 1970 amino acids.
Nucleus; ubiquitous expressed in all cells
- Core element of RNA polymerase II transcription machinery.
- COMPASS (COMplex of Proteins ASsociated with Set1), SET2, BRE1
- Biology Area
- Cell Biology, Transcription Factors
- Molecular Family
- Nuclear Markers
- Antigen References
- Chávez S, et al. 2016. CUrr. Genet. 62:701.
- Gene ID
- 5430 View all products for this Gene ID 20020 View all products for this Gene ID 2540292 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about RNA Polymerase II RPB1 on UniProt.org
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