Biotin anti-human/mouse TGF-β1 Antibody

Pricing & Availability
19D8 (See other available formats)
Regulatory Status
Other Names
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-b1), TGFB1, CED, DPD1
Mouse IgG1, κ
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Product Citations
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521705 50 µg 90€
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TGF-β1 is a multifunctional cytokine that plays pivotal roles in diverse biological processes. TGF-β1 is synthesized as a 390 amino acid precursor that is cleaved by furin, localized in the trans-Golgi network, in residue 278.  Furin processes the TGF-β1 precursor at the carboxyl side of the consensus sequence RHRR which precedes the NH2-terminal Ala 279 residue of the mature TGF-β1. The TGF-β1 precursor includes the latency-associated peptide (LAP dimer) in the N-terminal portion and the 25 kD portion that constitutes the mature TGF-β1 in the C-terminal. LAP dimer and the TGF-β1 mature protein remain non-covalently associated after furin cleavage and this complex does not bind to the TFG-β1 receptor. In addition, the TGF-β1 latent complex is joined covalently through LAP to LTBP. The TGF-β1 active form requires dissociation from LAP. Some activators can release TGF-β1 from LAP such as thrombospondin-1, reactive oxygen species, and the integrins avb6 and avb8.

Mouse TGF-β1 converts naïve T cells into regulatory T (Treg) cells that prevent autoimmunity. Although human TGF-β1 is widely used for inducing FOXP3+ in vitro, it might not be an essential factor for human Treg differentiation. Th17 murine can be induced from naïve CD4+ T cells by the combination of TGF-β1 and IL-6 or IL-21. Nevertheless, the regulation of human Th17 differentiation is distinct. TGF-β1 seems to have dual effects on human Th17 differentiation in a dose-dependent manner. While TGF-β1 is required for the expression of RORgt, in human naïve CD4+ T cells from cord blood, TGF-β1 can inhibit the function of RORgt at high doses. By using serum-free medium, it has been clarified that the optimum conditions for human Th17 differentiation are TGF-β1, IL-1b, and IL-2 in combination with IL-6, IL-21, or IL-23.

Product Details
Technical Data Sheet (pdf)

Product Details

Verified Reactivity
Human, Mouse
Antibody Type
Host Species
Human TGF-β1
Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography, and conjugated with biotin under optimal conditions.
0.5 mg/ml
Storage & Handling
The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C. Do not freeze.

ELISA Detection - Quality tested

Recommended Usage

Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by ELISA assay. A concentration of 0.0625 µg/ml of the detection antibody was utilized to generate the example standard curve. It is recommended that the end-user titrate each lot of reagents for optimal performance.

Application Notes

ELISA Detection: To measure TGF-β1, this antibody can be used as a detection antibody in sandwich ELISA format, and paired with the purified 21C11 antibody (Cat. No. 525301) as the capture antibody. Recombinant Human TGF-β1 (ELISA Std.) (Cat. No. 580709) can be used as the protein standard.

Blocking: Clone 19D8 LEAF™ purified antibody (Endotoxin <0.1 EU/μg, Azide-Free, 0.2 μm filtered) is useful for in vitro blocking of human and mouse TGF-β1 bioactivity. The 19D8 clone does not inhibit the bioactivity of human TGF-β2 or TGF-β3 in the Mv1Lu-(caga)12-Luc reporter cell assay.

Note: For testing TGF-β1 in serum, plasma or supernatant, BioLegend's ELISA LEGEND MAX™ Kits (Cat. No. 436708 & 437708) are specially developed and recommended.

Product Citations
  1. Yan J, et al. 2020. Cell Rep. 107820:31. PubMed
  2. Grech D, et al. 2016. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 9:234-241. PubMed
AB_2562973 (BioLegend Cat. No. 521705)

Antigen Details


TGF-β1 is secreted by numerous cells.

TGF-β1 influences the fate of T cells into different subpopulations depending on the occurrence of other cytokines. TGF-β1 induces cell growth and survival, cell and tissue differentiation, development, inflammation, immunity, hematopoiesis, tissue remodeling, wound healing, and stimulates ECM deposition and angiogenesis. It is an essential mediator of pathologic scarring in fibrotic disorders.
Multiple cells express the TGF-β1 receptors.
Heterodimeric receptor consisting of type I (TbRI) and type II (TbRII).
Biology Area
Apoptosis/Tumor Suppressors/Cell Death, Cell Biology, Cell Cycle/DNA Replication, Immunology, Neuroinflammation, Neuroscience
Molecular Family
Cytokines/Chemokines, Growth Factors
Antigen References

1. Dubois CM, et al. 1995. J. Biol. Chem. 270:10618.
2. Dennler S, et al. 1998. EMBO J. 17:3091.
3. Annes JP, et al. 2003. J. Cell. Sci. 116:217.
4. Zou Z and Sun PD. 2004. Protein Expr. Purif. 37:265.
5. Park SH, 2005. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 38:9.
6. Valcourt U, et al. 2005. Mol. Biol. Cell. 16:1987.
7. Mucida D, et al. 2007. Science 317:256.
8. Acosta-Rodriguez EV, et al. 2007. Nat. Immunol. 8:942.
9. Puthawala K, et al. 2008. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 177:82.
10. Takatori H, et al. 2008. Mod. Rheumatol. 18:533.
11. Manel N, et al. 2008. Nat. Immunol. 9:641.
12. Veldhoen M, et al. 2008. Nat. Immunol. 9:1341.
13. Oida T, et al. 2011. PLoS ONE 6:e18365.

Gene ID
7040 View all products for this Gene ID 21803 View all products for this Gene ID
View information about TGF-beta1 on

Related FAQs

How many biotin molecules are per antibody structure?
We don't routinely measure the number of biotins with our antibody products but the number of biotin molecules range from 3-6 molecules per antibody.
Go To Top Version: 1    Revision Date: 01-23-2014

For Research Use Only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic use.


This product is supplied subject to the terms and conditions, including the limited license, located at ("Terms") and may be used only as provided in the Terms. Without limiting the foregoing, BioLegend products may not be used for any Commercial Purpose as defined in the Terms, resold in any form, used in manufacturing, or reverse engineered, sequenced, or otherwise studied or used to learn its design or composition without express written approval of BioLegend. Regardless of the information given in this document, user is solely responsible for determining any license requirements necessary for user’s intended use and assumes all risk and liability arising from use of the product. BioLegend is not responsible for patent infringement or any other risks or liabilities whatsoever resulting from the use of its products.


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This data display is provided for general comparisons between formats.
Your actual data may vary due to variations in samples, target cells, instruments and their settings, staining conditions, and other factors.
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