- M3304B06 (See other available formats)
- Other Names
- Granzyme 2, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 1, GZMB, CCP1, Asp-ase, CSPB, CTLA-1, CGL-1, CGL1
- Mouse IgG1
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Granzyme B is a serine protease that is mainly produced by cytotoxic T cells (CTL) and NK cells. It plays important roles in cytotoxic lymphocyte-mediated apoptosis, chronic inflammation, and impaired wound healing. Granzyme B is packaged in cytoplasmic granules that are exocytosed towards a bound target cell, and subsequently activates multiple protein substrates to induce apoptosis. Perforin facilitates the transfer of Granzyme B into the target cell. Most circulating CD56+ CD8- NK cells and approximately half of circulating CD8+ T cells coexpress both Granzyme A and B. The activation of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes induces substantial expression of Granzyme B, but not Granzyme A. Recently, Granzyme B has been found to be produced by other cell types such as CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells, keratinocytes, basophils, mast cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, B cells, and smooth muscle cells. Elevated levels of Granzyme B are also found in some kinds of autoimmune diseases, type 1 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.Product Details
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Recombinant human Granzyme B produced in the 293E cell line.
- This antibody is provided in 50% glycerol in aqueous buffered solutions with preservatives.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography and conjugated with HRP under optimal conditions.
- Lot-specific (please contact technical support for concentration and total µg amount, or use our Lookup tool if you have a lot number.)
- Storage & Handling
- Upon receipt, the antibody solution should be stored undiluted at -20°C, and protected from prolonged exposure to light.
WB - Quality tested
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by Western blotting. For Western blotting, the suggested dilution is 1:1,000-1:10.000. The optimal dilution should be determined by titration for each individual assay of interest.
25 µl and 100 µl of Direct-Blot™ HRP antibody can be used for approximately 5 and 20 Western blots, respectively, at the recommended concentration/dilution.
- Application Notes
This antibody can be used for at least 20 western blots.
AB_2687057 (BioLegend Cat. No. 674603)
- 247 amino acids with a molecular weight of approximately 28 kD
Cytotoxic T cells, NK cells, and neutrophils.
- Granzyme B is able to induce target cell apoptosis by activating caspase independent pathways. Granzyme B is induced in CD8+ T lymphocytes with ConA / IL-2 and CD4+ T lymphocytes with anti-CD3/CD28 or anti-CD3/CD46.
- Targets of CTL and NK cells.
- Cell Type
- T cells, NK cells, Neutrophils, B cells, Dendritic cells
- Biology Area
- Apoptosis/Tumor Suppressors/Cell Death, Cell Biology, Cell Cycle/DNA Replication, Immunology, Innate Immunity, Neuroscience, Signal Transduction
- Molecular Family
- Proteases, Enzymes and Regulators
- Antigen References
1. Edwards KM, et al. 1999. J. Biol. Chem. 274:30468.
2. Grossman WJ, et al. 2004. Blood 104:2840.
3. Heusel JW, et al. 1994. Cell 76:977.
4. Schmid J and Weissmann C. 1987. J. Immunol. 139:250.
5. Trapani JA, et al. 1988. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:6924.
6. Hiebert PR and Granville DJ. 2012. Trends Mol. Med. 18:732.
7. Saito Y, et al. 2011. J. Cardiol. 57:141.
8. Ewen CL, et al. 2012. Cell Death Differ. 1:28.
- Gene ID
- 3002 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about Granzyme B on UniProt.org
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