- XMG1.2 (See other available formats)
- Other Names
- Interferon-γ, Immune interferon, Type II interferon, T cell interferon, Macrophage-activating factor (MAF)
- Rat IgG1, κ
- Ave. Rating
- 2 reviews
- Product Citations
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IFN-γ is a potent multifunctional cytokine which is secreted primarily by activated NK cells and T cells. Originally characterized based on anti-viral activities, IFN-γ also exerts anti-proliferative, immunoregulatory, and proinflammatory activities. IFN-γ can upregulate MHC class I and II antigen expression by antigen-presenting cells.Product Details
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- E. coli-expressed, recombinant mouse IFN-γ
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography, and conjugated with biotin under optimal conditions. The solution is free of unconjugated biotin.
- 0.5 mg/ml
- Storage & Handling
- The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C. Do not freeze.
ELISA Detection, ELISPOT Detection, ICFC
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by ELISA assay. For use as an ELISA detection antibody, a concentration range of 0.5-2.0 µg/ml is recommended. To obtain a linear standard curve, serial dilutions of IFN-γ recombinant protein ranging from 2000 to 15 pg/ml are recommended for each ELISA plate.
For use as an ELISPOT detection antibody, a concentration range of 1-4 µg/ml is recommended. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.
- Application Notes
ELISA1-4,11,14 or ELISPOT5 Detection: The biotinylated XMG1.2 antibody is useful as a detection antibody for a sandwich ELISA or ELISPOT assay, when used in conjunction with purified R4-6A2 antibody (Cat. No. 505702/505706) as the capture antibody and recombinant mouse IFN-γ (Cat. No. 575309) as the standard.
ELISA or ELISPOT Capture: The purified XMG1.2 antibody is useful as a capture antibody for a sandwich ELISA or ELISPOT assay, when used in conjunction with biotinylated R4-6A2 antibody (Cat. No. 505704) as the detection antibody and recombinant mouse IFN-γ (Cat. No. 575309) as the standard. The LEAF™ purified antibody is suggested for ELISPOT capture (Cat. No. 505812).
Flow Cytometry7,8,12,13,16: The fluorochrome-labeled XMG1.2 antibody is useful for intracellular immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometric analysis to identify IFN-γ-producing cells within mixed cell populations.
Neutralization1-3,9,10: The XMG1.2 antibody can neutralize the bioactivity of natural or recombinant IFN-γ. The LEAF™ purified antibody (Endotoxin <0.1 EU/μg, Azide-Free, 0.2 μm filtered) is recommended for neutralization of mouse IFN-γ bioactivity in vivo and in vitro (Cat. No. 505812). For in vivo studies or highly sensitive assays, we recommend Ultra-LEAF™ purified antibody (Cat. No. 505834) with a lower endotoxin limit than standard LEAF™ purified antibodies (Endotoxin <0.01 EU/µg).
Additional reported applications (for the relevant formats) include: Western blotting, immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections6,22,23, and immunocytochemistry.
Note: For testing mouse IFN-γ in serum, plasma or supernatant, BioLegend's ELISA Max™ Sets (Cat. No. 430801 to 430806) are specially developed and recommended.
(PubMed link indicates BioLegend citation)
- Abrams J, et al. 1992. Immunol. Rev. 127:5. (ELISA, Neut)
- Sander B, et al. 1993. J. Immunol. Meth. 166:201. (ELISA, Neut)
- Abrams J, et al. 1995. Curr. Prot. Immunol. John Wiley and Sons, New York. Unit 6.20. (ELISA, Neut)
- Yang X, et al. 1993. J. Immunoassay 14:129. (ELISA)
- Klinman D, et al. 1994. Curr. Prot. Immunol. John Wiley and Sons, New York. Unit 6.19. (ELISPOT)
- Sander B, et al. 1991. Immunol. Rev. 119:65. (IHC)
- Ferrick D, et al. 1995. Nature 373:255. (FC)
- Ko SY, et al. 2005. J. Immunol. 175:3309. (FC) PubMed
- Peterson KE, et al. 2000. J. Virol. 74:5363. (Neut)
- DeKrey GK, et al. 1998. Infect. Immun. 66:827. (Neut)
- Dzhagalov I, et al. 2007. J. Immunol. 178:2113. (ELISA)
- Lawson BR, et al. 2007. J. Immunol. 178:5366. (FC)
- Lee JW, et al. 2006. Nature Immunol. 8:181. (FC) PubMed
- Xu G, et al. 2007. J. Immunol. 179:5358. (ELISA) PubMed
- Montfort M, et al.2004. J. Immunol. 173:4084. PubMed
- Haring JS, et al. 2008. J. Immunol. 180:2855. (FC) PubMed
- Jordan JM, et al. 2008. Infect Immun. 76:3717. PubMed
- Tonkin DR, et al. 2008. J. Immunol. 181:4516. PubMed
- Charles N, et al. 2010. Nat. Med. 16:701. (FC) PubMed
- Cui Y, et al. 2009. Invest. Ophth. Vis. Sci. 50:5811. (FC) PubMed
- Mykkanen OT, et al. 2014. PLoS One. 9:114790. PubMed
- Yokogawa M, et al. 2013. Mol. Carcinog. 52:760. (IHC)
- Mottram PL, et al. 1998. J Immunol. 161:602. (IHC)
- Product Citations
AB_315397 (BioLegend Cat. No. 505803)
AB_315398 (BioLegend Cat. No. 505804)
- Cytokine; dimer; 40-80 kD (Mammalian)
- Antiviral/antiparasitic activities; inhibits proliferation; enhances MHC class I and II expression on APCs
- Cell Sources
- CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, NK cells
- Cell Targets
- T cells, B cells, macrophages, NK cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts
- IFN-γRα (CDw119) dimerized with IFN-γRβ (AF-1)
- Cell Type
- Biology Area
- Cell Biology, Immunology, Neuroinflammation, Neuroscience
- Molecular Family
- Antigen References
1. Fitzgerald K, et al. Eds. 2001. The Cytokine FactsBook. Academic Press, San Diego.
2. De Maeyer E, et al. 1992. Curr. Opin. Immunol. 4:321.
3. Farrar M, et al. 1993. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 11:571.
4. Gray P, et al. 1987. Lymphokines 13:151.
- Upregulated by IL-2, FGF-basic, EGF; downregulated by 1-α-25-Dihydroxy vitamin D3, dexamethasone
- Gene ID
- 15978 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about IFN-gamma on UniProt.org
- How many biotin molecules are per antibody structure?
- We don't routinely measure the number of biotins with our antibody products but the number of biotin molecules range from 3-6 molecules per antibody.
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