- A15159A (See other available formats)
- Regulatory Status
- Other Names
- IL-32 alpha, Natural killer cells protein 4 (NK4), Natural killer transcript 4 (NK4), Tumor necrosis factor alpha-inducing factor (TAIF)
- Mouse IgG2b, κ
- Ave. Rating
- Submit a Review
- Product Citations
|Cat #||Size||Price||Quantity Check Availability||Save|
IL-32 is a proinflammatory cytokine with both extracellular and intracellular functions. IL-32 was originally identified as a natural killer transcript 4 (NK4). Several isoforms of IL-32 have been identified, and IL-32α is the most abundant. Overexpression of IL-32α in myeloid cell lines enhances natural killer cell-mediated killing, and IL-32 expression can be induced by IL-18 in NK cells. IL-32α can be released by some epithelial cell lines in response to INF-γ, TNF-α, and IL-1β. IL-32 can induce production of various cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8 and IL-6 through NF-κB and p38 MAPK activation. IL-32 works synergistically with IL-17 to induce osteoclast differentiation. Recombinant IL-32α can induce macrophage apoptosis in the presence of M. tuberculosis. Intracellular IL-32α increases IL-6 production by interacting with PKCε and STAT3, which not only increases STAT3 phosphorylation but also enhances STAT3 recruitment to the IL-6 promoter. IL-32 can synergize with NOD1 and NOD2 ligands to induce IL-1β and IL-6 through the caspase I-dependent pathway. IL-32 has been associated with pathogenesis of many chronic inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis. IL-32 is highly expressed in various cancers including gastric and pancreatic cancer. Studies have suggested that IL-32 can function as an angiogenic factor. In addition, IL-32α expression in liver cells is increased following progression of many liver diseases. Also, IL-32 is involved in the immune response to many viruses including HIV, influenza A, hepatitis B, and papillomavirus.Product Details
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Recombinant human IL-32α
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography.
- 0.5 mg/ml
- Storage & Handling
- The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C.
WB - Quality tested
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by Western blotting. For Western blotting, the suggested use of this reagent is 0.5 - 2.0 µg per ml. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.
- Application Notes
Clone A15159A does not cross-react with mouse (in-house tested).
AB_2650733 (BioLegend Cat. No. 694702)
- 131 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 15 kD.
- Secreted by T cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and keratinocytes.
- IL-32α expression can be induced by IL-18, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-17. The activity of IL-32α can be significantly increased by limited cleavage of IL-32α by neutrophil proteinase 3.
- IL-32α has been reported to interact with neutrophil proteinase 3, PKC, STAT3, integrin and paxilin.
- Cell Type
- T cells, NK cells, Dendritic cells
- Biology Area
- Cell Biology, Immunology
- Molecular Family
- Antigen References
1. Joosten LA, et al. 2013. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 70:3883.
2. Kang JW, et al. 2012. J. Biol. Chem. 287:35556.
3. Cheon S, et al. 2011. J. Biol. Chem. 286:12049.
4. Nishida A, et al. 2009. J. Biol. Chem. 284:17868.
5. Heinhuis B, et al. 2012. J. Biol. Chem. 287:5733.
6. Novick D, et al. 2006. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:3316.
7. Shioya M, et al. 2007. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 149:480.
- Gene ID
- 9235 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about IL-32alpha on UniProt.org
Compare Data Across All Formats
This data display is provided for general comparisons between formats.
Your actual data may vary due to variations in samples, target cells, instruments and their settings, staining conditions, and other factors.
If you need assistance with selecting the best format contact our expert technical support team.