- E033B8 (See other available formats)
- Regulatory Status
- Other Names
- Interleukin 34, C16orf77
- Mouse IgG2a, λ
- Ave. Rating
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- Product Citations
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Human IL-34 shares a sequence identity of 99.6%, 72% and 71% with chimpanzee, rat, and mouse IL-34, respectively, on the amino acid level. The IL-34 gene is syntenic in the human, chimpanzee, rat, and mouse genomes. IL-34 has no apparent consensus structural domain or motif, and does not share sequence homology with M-CSF; nevertheless, it binds to the CSFR. These two cytokines are not identical in biological activity and signal activation. IL-34 and CSF show an equivalent ability to support cell growth or survival. However, these cytokines are differing in their ability to induce the production of chemokines (MCP-1 and eotaxin-2) in primary macrophages, the morphological change in TF-1-fms cells, and the migration of J774A.1 cells. The use of monoclonal antibodies against the CSFR suggests differential domain binding of the receptor to IL-34 and CSF and as a result, different bioactivities and signal activation kinetics/strength are produced for these cytokines.Product Details
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Recombinant human IL-34
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography and conjugated with biotin under optimal conditions.
- 0.5 mg/ml
- Storage & Handling
- The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C. Do not freeze.
ELISA Detection - Quality tested
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by ELISA assay. For ELISA detection applications, a concentration range of 0.5 - 2.0 µg/mL is recommended. To obtain a linear standard curve, serial dilutions of human IL-34 recombinant protein ranging from 5000 to 78 pg/mL are recommended for each ELISA plate. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.
- Application Notes
ELISA Detection: The biotinylated E033E8 antibody is useful as the detection antibody in a sandwich ELISA assay, when used in conjunction with the purified E0320E7 antibody (Cat. No. 361301) as the capture antibody and recombinant human IL-34 (Cat. No. 577909) as the standard.
Note: For testing human IL-34 in serum, plasma or cell culture supernatant, LEGEND MAX™ Human IL-34 ELISA Kit with Pre-coated Plates (Cat. No. 439607 & 439608) are specially developed and recommended.
- Product Citations
AB_2563034 (BioLegend Cat. No. 361401)
AB_2563035 (BioLegend Cat. No. 361402)
- Secreted glycoprotein, homodimer
IL-34 mRNA is expressed in many different tissues including: spleen, heart, brain, lung, liver, kidney, thymus, testes, ovary, small intestine, prostate, and colon
- IL-34 increases monocyte viability, induces macrophage proliferation, and synergizes with other cytokines to generate macrophages and osteoclasts from cultured progenitors. IL-34 promotes the formation of the colony forming unit-macrophage (CFU-M) in human bone marrow culture. IL-34 supports RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by promoting the adhesion and proliferation of osteoclast progenitors. Human IL-34 promotes osteoclast differentiation from peripheral blood mononucleated cells. In addition, systematic administration of IL-34 to mouse increases the number of CD11b+ cells and reduces bone mass. IL-1ß and TNF-Î± induce the expression of interleukin-34 mRNA in osteoblasts. IL-34 is also induced in macrophages infected with equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV).
- Macrophages, monocytes, myeloid cells
- Biology Area
- Cell Biology, Immunology
- Molecular Family
- Antigen References
1. Clanchy FI, et al. 2006. J. Leuko. Biol. 79:757.
2. Lin H, et al. 2008. Science 320:807.
3. Chihara T, et al. 2010. Cell. Death Differ. 17:1917.
4. Wei S, et al. 2010. J. Leuko. Biol. 88:495.
5. Eda H, et al. 2011. Rheumatol. Int. 31:1525.
- Gene ID
- 146433 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about IL-34 on UniProt.org
- How many biotin molecules are per antibody structure?
- We don't routinely measure the number of biotins with our antibody products but the number of biotin molecules range from 3-6 molecules per antibody.
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