- 3G8 (See other available formats)
- V NK80
- Other Names
- Mouse IgG1, κ
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- Product Citations
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CD16 is known as low affinity IgG receptor III (FcγRIII). It is expressed as two distinct forms (CD16a and CD16b). CD16a (FcγRIIIA) is a 50-65 kD polypeptide-anchored transmembrane protein. It is expressed on the surface of NK cells, activated monocytes, macrophages, and placental trophoblasts in humans. CD16b (FcγRIIIB) is a 48 kD glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein. Its extracellular domain is over 95% homologous to that of CD16a, and it is expressed specifically on neutrophils. CD16 binds aggregated IgG or IgG-antigen complex which functions in NK cell activation, phagocytosis, and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC).Product Details
- Human, African Green, Baboon, Capuchin Monkey, Chimpanzee, Cynomolgus, Marmoset, Pigtailed Macaque, Rhesus, Sooty Mangabey, Squirrel Monkey
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Human PMN cells
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide and EDTA.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography.
- 1.0 mg/ml
- Storage & Handling
- The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C.
FC - Quality tested
CyTOF® - Validated
PG - Reported in the literature
- Recommended Usage
- This product is suitable for use with the Maxpar® Metal Labeling Kits. The product is formulated so that the buffer exchange step is not required (steps 7, 8, 9, and 10 in the Maxpar® antibody labeling protocol). Just add 100 µl of this antibody to 100 µl of 4 mM TCEP-R in a 50 kDa filter, as described in step 11, and continue with the protocol.
- Application Notes
The 3G8 antibody clone blocks neutrophil phagocytosis and stimulates NK cell proliferation. It has been reported that this clone interacts with the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIb receptors causing neutrophil activation and aggregation18. Due to this phenomenon staining in whole blood may cause a reduction in the number of granulocytes or alter their scatter profile.
Additional reported applications (for the relevant formats) include: immunohistochemical staining of acetone-fixed frozen tissue sections6, immunoprecipitation3, stimulation of NK cell proliferation4, blocking of phagocytosis5, and blocking of immunoglobulin binding to FcγRIII7,8. The LEAF™ purified antibody (Endotoxin <0.1 EU/µg, Azide-Free, 0.2 µm filtered) is recommended for functional assays (Cat. No. 302014). For highly sensitive assays, we recommend Ultra-LEAF™ purified antibody (Cat. No. 302050) with a lower endotoxin limit than standard LEAF™ purified antibodies (Endotoxin <0.01 EU/µg).
- Additional Product Notes
- Maxpar® is a registered trademark of Fluidigm Inc.
(PubMed link indicates BioLegend citation)
- Knapp W, et al. Eds. 1989. Leucocyte Typing IV. Oxford University Press. New York.
- Schlossman S, et al. Eds. 1995. Leucocyte Typing V. Oxford University Press. New York.
- Edberg J, et al. 1997. J. Immunol. 159:3849. (IP)
- Hoshino S, et al. 1991. Blood 78:3232. (Stim)
- Tamm A, et al. 1996. Immunol. 157:1576. (Block)
- Da Silva DM, et al. 2001. Int. Immunol. 13:633. (IHC)
- Holl V, et al. 2004. J. Immunol. 173:6274. (Block)
- Hober D, et al. 2002. J. Gen. Virol. 83:2169. (Block)
- Brainard DM, et al. 2009. J. Virol. 83:7305. PubMed
- Smed-Sörensen A, et al. 2008. Blood 111:5037. (Block) PubMed
- Timmerman KL, et al. 2008. J. Leukoc. Biol. 84:1271. (FC) PubMed
- Yoshino N, et al. 2000. Exp. Anim. (Tokyo) 49:97. (FC)
- Rout N, et al. 2010. PLoS One 5:e9787. (FC)
- Kim WK, et al. 2006. Am. J. Pathol. 168:822. (FC)
- Boltz A, et al. 2011. J. Biol Chem. 286:21896. PubMed
- Wu Z, et al. 2013. J. Virol. 87:7717. PubMed
- Peterson VM, et al. 2017. Nat. Biotechnol. 35:936. (PG)
- Vossebeld PJ, et al. 1997. Biochem J. 323:87-94 (Stim)
AB_2562814 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302051)
- Ig superfamily, transmembrane form (50-65 kD) or GPI-linked form (48 kD)
NK cells, activated monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils
- Low affinity IgG Fc receptor, phagocytosis, ADCC
- Ligand Receptor
- Aggregated IgG, IgG-antigen complex
- Cell Type
- Macrophages, Monocytes, Neutrophils, NK cells, Dendritic cells
- Biology Area
- Immunology, Innate Immunity
- Molecular Family
- CD Molecules, Fc Receptors
- Antigen References
1. Fleit H, et al. 1982. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79:3275.
2. Stroncek D, et al. 1991. Blood 77:1572.
3. Wirthmueller U, et al. 1992. J. Exp. Med. 175:1381.
- Gene ID
- 2214 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about CD16 on UniProt.org
- Can I obtain CyTOF data related to your Maxpar® Ready antibody clones?
We do not test our antibodies by mass cytometry or on a CyTOF machine in-house. The data displayed on our website is provided by Fluidigm®. Please contact Fluidigm® directly for additional data and further details.
- Can I use Maxpar® Ready format clones for flow cytometry staining?
We have not tested the Maxpar® Ready antibodies formulated in solution containing EDTA for flow cytometry staining. While it is likely that this will work in majority of the situations, it is best to use the non-EDTA formulated version of the same clone for flow cytometry testing. The presence of EDTA in some situations might negatively affect staining.
- I am having difficulty observing a signal after conjugating a metal tag to your Maxpar® antibody. Please help troubleshoot.
We only supply the antibody and not test that in house. Please contact Fluidigm® directly for troubleshooting advice: http://techsupport.fluidigm.com/
- Is our human Trustain FcX™ (cat# 422302) compatible with anti human CD16, CD32 and CD64 clones 3G8, FUN-2 and 10.1 respectively?
- Is there a difference between buffer formulations related to Maxpar® Ready and purified format antibodies?
The Maxpar® Ready format antibody clones are formulated in Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide and EDTA. The regular purified format clones are formulated in solution that does not contain any EDTA. Both formulations are however without any extra carrier proteins.
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Your actual data may vary due to variations in samples, target cells, instruments and their settings, staining conditions, and other factors.
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