- Other Names
- CD272, B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator, B- and T-lymphocyte-associated protein
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BTLA (B and T lymphocyte attenuator, CD272) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein with four extracellular cysteine-rich domains. It is an inhibitory molecule structurally and functionally similar to cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and programmed death-1 (PD-1). These molecules belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily that binds B7 family members. Different from CTLA-4 and PD-1 binding with the B7 family members, BTLA interacts with herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM) which belongs to TNFR family. BTLA/HVEM interaction was the first demonstration of crosstalk between these two family members. BTLA/HVEM interaction negatively modulates T cell activation. HVEM induces BTLA tyrosine phosphorylation and inhibits T-cell proliferation. There is accumulating evidence suggesting that BTLA/HVEM signaling also plays an important role in autoimmunity and infection at mucosal surfaces. The BTLA/HVEM interaction does not prevent the simultaneous binding of other HVEM ligands such as LIGHT or Lymphotoxin-alpha. BTLA is expressed on T cells, B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells. Constitutive expression level of BTLA on resting T cells are very low, but increase after the activation of T cells. BTLA is highly expressed on resting B cells.Product Details
- Human BTLA, amino acids Lys31-Trp153 (Accession # Q7Z6A9) with a C-terminal human IgG1 (Pro100-Lys330) Fc tag expressed in CHO cells.
- Molecular Mass
- The 362 amino acid recombinant protein has a predicted molecular mass of approximately 41 kD. The DTT-reduced protein migrates at approximately 55 kDa and and non-reduced protein migrates at approximately 110 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The predicted N-terminal amino acid is Lys.
- 0.22 µm filtered protein solution is in PBS, pH 7.2
- Endotoxin Level
- Less than 0.1 EU per µg protein as determined by the LAL method.
- 10 and 25 µg sizes are bottled at 200 µg/mL. 100 µg and larger sizes are lot-specific and bottled at the concentration indicated on the vial (please contact technical support for concentration, or use our Lookup tool if you have a lot number.)
- Storage & Handling
- Unopened vial can be stored between 2°C and 8°C for up to 2 weeks, at -20°C for up to six months, or at -70°C or colder until the expiration date. For maximum results, quick spin vial prior to opening. The protein can be aliquoted and stored at -20°C or colder. Stock solutions can also be prepared at 50 - 100 µg/mL in appropriate sterile buffer, carrier protein such as 0.2 - 1% BSA or HSA can be added when preparing the stock solution. Aliquots can be stored between 2°C and 8°C for up to one week and stored at -20°C or colder for up to 3 months. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
- When human BTLA is immobilized at 1.0 µg/mL (100 µL/well), recombinant mouse HVEM binds with EC50 of 7 - 21 ng/mL in a functional ELISA.
- Application Notes
BioLegend carrier-free recombinant proteins provided in liquid format are shipped on blue-ice. Our comparison testing data indicates that when handled and stored as recommended, the liquid format has equal or better stability and shelf-life compared to commercially available lyophilized proteins after reconstitution. Our liquid proteins are validated in-house to maintain activity after shipping on blue ice and are backed by our 100% satisfaction guarantee. If you have any concerns, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
T cells, B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells.
- Lymphocyte inhibitory receptor which inhibits lymphocytes during immune response
- Measured by its ability to bind mouse HVEM
- Cell Targets
- Cell Type
- B cells, Dendritic cells, Tregs
- Biology Area
- Cancer Biomarkers, Cell Biology, Immunology, Inhibitory Molecules
- Molecular Family
- Immune Checkpoint Receptors, Soluble Receptors
- Antigen References
- Watanabe N, et al. 2003. Nat. Immunol. 4: 670-9
- Gavrieli M, et al. 2003. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 312: 1236-43
- Gonzalez LC, et al. 2005. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A 102: 1116-21
- Sedy JR, et al. 2005. Nat. Immunol. 6: 90-98
- Murphy KM, et al. Nat. Rev. Immunol. 6: 671-81
- Gene ID
- 151888 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about BTLA on UniProt.org
- Does specific activity of a recombinant protein vary between lots?
Specific activity will vary for each lot and for the type of experiment that is done to validate it, but all passed lots will have activity within the established ED50 range for the product and we guarantee that our products will have lot-to-lot consistency. Please conduct an experiment-specific validation to find the optimal ED50 for your system.
- Have your recombinants been tested for stability?
Our testing shows that the recombinant proteins are able to withstand room temperature for a week without losing activity. In addition the recombinant proteins were also found to withstand four cycles of freeze and thaw without losing activity.
- How do you convert activity as an ED50 in ng/ml to a specific activity in Units/mg?
- Use formula Specific activity (Units/mg) = 10e6/ ED50 (ng/mL)
- How does the activity of your recombinant proteins compare to competitors?
We quality control each and every lot of recombinant protein. Not only do we check its bioactivity, but we also compare it against other commercially available recombinant proteins. We make sure each recombinant protein’s activity is at least as good as or better than the competition’s. In order to provide you with the best possible product, we ensure that our testing process is rigorous and thorough. If you’re curious and eager to make the switch to BioLegend recombinants, contact your sales representative today!
- What is the specific activity or ED50 of my recombinant protein?
The specific activity range of the protein is indicated on the product datasheets. Because the exact activity values on a per unit basis can largely fluctuate depending on a number of factors, including the nature of the assay, cell density, age of cells/passage number, culture media used, and end user technique, the specific activity is best defined as a range and we guarantee the specific activity of all our lots will be within the range indicated on the datasheet. Please note this only applies to recombinants labeled for use in bioassays. ELISA standard recombinant proteins are not recommended for bioassay usage as they are not tested for these applications.