- O94E6/GZMB (See other available formats)
- Regulatory Status
- Other Names
- Granzyme 2, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 1, GZMB, CCP1, Asp-ase, CSPB, CTLA-1, CGL-1, CGL1
- Mouse IgG2a
- Ave. Rating
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- Product Citations
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Granzyme B is a serine protease that is produced mainly by cytotoxic T cells (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells. It plays an important role in cytotoxic lymphocyte-mediated apoptosis, chronic inflammation, and impaired wound healing. Granzyme B is packaged in cytoplasmic granules that are exocytosed towards a bound target cell, which subsequently activates multiple protein substrates that induce apoptosis. Perforin facilitates the transfer of Granzyme B into the target cell. Most circulating CD56+, CD8-, NK cells, and approximately half of circulating CD8+ T cells coexpress both Granzyme A and B. The activation of CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes induce substantial expression of Granzyme B, but not Granzyme A. Recently, Granzyme B has been found to be produced by other cell types such as CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells, keratinocytes, basophils, mast cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, B cells, and smooth muscle cells. Elevated levels of Granzyme B are also found in some kinds of autoimmune diseases, type 1 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.Product Details
- Antibody Type
- Host Species
- Recombinant fragment corresponding to amino acids 21-247 of Human Granzyme B produced in E. coli.
- Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
- The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography.
- 0.5 mg/ml
- Storage & Handling
- Upon receipt, store undiluted at 4°C
WB - Quality tested
- Recommended Usage
Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by Western blotting. For Western blotting, the suggested use of this reagent is 0.2 - 1.0 µg per ml. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.
AB_2564582 (BioLegend Cat. No. 674301)
AB_2564583 (BioLegend Cat. No. 674302)
- 247 amino acids with a molecular weight of approximately 28 kD.
Cytotoxic T cells, Natural killer (NK) cells, and neutrophils.
- Induces target cell apoptosis by activating caspase independent pathways and is induced in CD8+ T lymphocytes with ConA / IL-2 and CD4+ lymphocytes with anti CD3/CD28 or CD3/CD46.
- Targets of CTL and NK cells.
- Cell Type
- T cells, NK cells, Neutrophils, B cells, Dendritic cells
- Biology Area
- Apoptosis/Tumor Suppressors/Cell Death, Cell Biology, Cell Cycle/DNA Replication, Immunology, Innate Immunity, Neuroscience, Signal Transduction
- Molecular Family
- Proteases, Enzymes and Regulators
- Antigen References
1. Edwards KM, et al. 1999. J. Biol. Chem. 274:30468.
2. Grossman WJ, et al. 2004. Blood 104:2840.
3. Heusel JW, et al. 1994. Cell 76:977.
4. Schmid J and Weissmann C. 1987. J. Immunol. 1:250.
5. Trapani JA, et al. 1988. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:6934.
6. Hiebert PR and Granville DJ. 2012. Trends Mol. Med. 12:732.
7. Saito Y, et al. 2011. J. Cardiol. 57:141.
8. Hiebert PR, et al. 2012. Trends Mol. Med. 18:732.
9. Ewen CL, et al. 2012. Cell Death Differ. 1:28.
- Gene ID
- 3002 View all products for this Gene ID
- View information about Granzyme B on UniProt.org
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