Alexa Fluor® 594 anti-Tau, 210-230 Antibody

Pricing & Availability
Clone
Tau 5 (See other available formats)
Other Names
Microtubule-associated protein tau, PHF-tau, paired helical filament-tau, neurofibrillary tangle, microtubule-associated protein tau, isoform 4, G protein beta1/gamma2 subunit-interacting factor 1, DDPAC, FTDP-17, MAPTL, MSTD, MTBT1, MTBT2, PPND
Isotype
Mouse IgG1
Ave. Rating
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Product Citations
publications
Tau5_PURE_Tau-210-230_Antibody_1_082019
IHC staining of Alexa Fluor® 594 anti-Tau, 210-230 antibody (clone Tau 5) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Alzheimer's disease brain tissue. Following antigen retrieval using Sodium Citrate H.I.E.R., the tissue was incubated with 0.5 µg/ml of the primary antibody overnight at 4°C. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI. The image was captured with a 40X objective. Scale bar: 50 µm
  • Tau5_PURE_Tau-210-230_Antibody_1_082019
    IHC staining of Alexa Fluor® 594 anti-Tau, 210-230 antibody (clone Tau 5) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Alzheimer's disease brain tissue. Following antigen retrieval using Sodium Citrate H.I.E.R., the tissue was incubated with 0.5 µg/ml of the primary antibody overnight at 4°C. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI. The image was captured with a 40X objective. Scale bar: 50 µm
  • Tau5_PURE_Tau-210-230_Antibody_2_082019
    IHC staining of Alexa Fluor® 594 anti-Tau, 210-230 antibody (clone Tau 5) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Alzheimer's disease brain tissue. Following antigen retrieval using Sodium Citrate H.I.E.R., the tissue was incubated with 0.5 µg/ml of the primary antibody overnight at 4°C. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI. The image was captured with a 40X objective. Scale bar: 50 µm
See Alexa Fluor® 594 spectral data
Cat # Size Price Quantity Avail. Save
806411 25 µg £91
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806412 100 µg £212
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Description

Tau proteins are microtubule-associated protein (MAPs) which are abundant in neurons of the central nervous system, but are also expressed at very low levels in CNS astrocytes and oligodendrocytes and elsewhere. One of tau's main functions is to modulate the stability of axonal microtubules. Tau is active primarily in the distal portions of axons providing microtubule stabilization as well as flexibility. Pathologies and dementias of the nervous system such as Alzheimer's disease feature tau proteins that have become defective and no longer stabilize microtubules properly. As a result, tau forms aggregates with specific structural properties referred to as Paired Helical Filaments (PHFs) that are a characteristic of many different types of dementias, known as tauopathies. 

Tau has two primary ways of controlling microtubule stability: isoforms and phosphorylation. Six tau isoforms exist in human brain tissue, and they are distinguished by the number of binding domains. Three isoforms have three binding domains and the remaining three have four binding domains. The binding domains are located in the carboxy-terminus of the protein and are positively-charged (for binding to the negatively-charged microtubule). Tau isoforms with four binding domains are better at stabilizing microtubules than those with three binding domains. 

Thus, in the human brain, the tau proteins constitute a family of six isoforms with the range from 352-441 amino acids. They also differ in either zero, one or two inserts of 29 amino acids at the N-terminal part (exon 2 and 3), and three or four repeat-binding regions at the C-terminus. So, the longest isoform in the CNS has four repeats (R1, R2, R3 and R4) and two inserts (441 amino acids total), while the shortest isoform has three repeats (R1, R3 and R4) and no insert (352 amino acids total). Tau is also a phosphoprotein with 79 potential Serine (Ser) and Threonine (Thr) phosphorylation sites on the longest tau isoform. Phosphorylation has been reported on approximately 30 of these sites in normal tau proteins. Mechanisms that drive tau lesion formation in the highly prevalent sporadic form of AD are not fully understood, but appear to involve abnormal post-translational modifications (PTMs) that influence tau function, stability, and aggregation propensity.

Product Details
Technical Data Sheet (pdf)

Product Details

Reactivity
Human
Antibody Type
Monoclonal
Host Species
Mouse
Formulation
Phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing 0.09% sodium azide.
Preparation
The antibody was purified by affinity chromatography and conjugated with Alexa Fluor® 594 under optimal conditions. The solution is free of unconjugated Alexa Fluor® 594.
Concentration
0.5 mg/ml
Storage & Handling
The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C, and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
Application

IHC-P - Quality tested

Recommended Usage

Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded immunohistochemical staining. For immunohistochemistry, a concentration range of 0.5 - 10 µg/ml is suggested. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.

* Alexa Fluor® 594 has an excitation maximum of 590 nm, and a maximum emission of 617 nm.


Alexa Fluor® and Pacific Blue™ are trademarks of Life Technologies Corporation.

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Application Notes

This antibody is specific for an epitope that lies between amino acids 210-230 of human Tau.

Application References

(PubMed link indicates BioLegend citation)
  1. Lasagna-Reeves CA, et al. 2012. FASEB J. 26:1946. (WB, IHC-P) Pubmed
  2. Horowitz PM, et al. 2004. J Neurosci. 24:7895. (WB)
RRID
AB_2814545 (BioLegend Cat. No. 806411)
AB_2814546 (BioLegend Cat. No. 806412)

Antigen Details

Structure
Unmodified Tau isoforms have an apparent molecular weight ranging from 33-79 kD. Additional high and low molecular weight Tau species have been observed in brain tissues.
Distribution

Tissue distribution: Central nervous system, peripheral ganglia and nerves, kidney, skeletal, and heart muscle.
Cellular distribution: Cytoskeleton, nucleus, plasma membrane, and cytosol.

Function
Tau promotes microtubule assembly and stability. The short tau isoforms allow plasticity of the cytoskeleton whereas the longer isoforms may preferentially play a role in its stabilization.
Interaction
Tau interacts with: Sequestosome-1, Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase FKBP4, Casein kinase I isoform delta, Serine/threonine-protein kinase Sgk1, Laforin, and alpha-synuclein.
Cell Type
Neurons
Biology Area
Cell Biology, Cell Proliferation and Viability, Neurodegeneration, Neuroscience, Protein Misfolding and Aggregation, Synaptic Biology
Molecular Family
Tau
Gene ID
4137 View all products for this Gene ID
UniProt
View information about Tau 210-230 on UniProt.org

Related FAQs

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Go To Top Version: 1    Revision Date: 08/20/2019

For research use only. Not for diagnostic use. Not for resale. BioLegend will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products.

 

*These products may be covered by one or more Limited Use Label Licenses (see the BioLegend Catalog or our website, www.biolegend.com/ordering#license). BioLegend products may not be transferred to third parties, resold, modified for resale, or used to manufacture commercial products, reverse engineer functionally similar materials, or to provide a service to third parties without written approval of BioLegend. By use of these products you accept the terms and conditions of all applicable Limited Use Label Licenses. Unless otherwise indicated, these products are for research use only and are not intended for human or animal diagnostic, therapeutic or commercial use.

 

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